Types of essays

Structure of an essay according to its types

The structure of an essay derives directly from its type.

This is because, when fulfilling each essay with different functions, the organization of the content also remains different.

Now, how is the structure of an essay in each of its types? Well let’s see it below.

Structure of an informative essay

Because its function is simply to inform a specific audience about a topic, its structure corresponds to the traditional way we all know:

An Introduction, which exposes the most basic ideas of the subject to be reported.

A Development, which deepens on the same subject, as well as its relationship with other ideas equally important for the readers’ knowledge.

A Conclusion, which synthesizes and emphasizes the most important information for your audience.

Structure of an instructional essay

They are essays that instruct the reader to complete a task, through the presentation of instructions. Its structure is different from the rest of the essays, being this one:

A Goal, the description of the finished product that you can achieve yourself.

One or more Materials, which will be useful when performing the task.

The Step by Step, breaking down and listing in small activities all you have to do to achieve the aforementioned goal.

Structure of a descriptive essay

As the name implies, it is an essay (or generally a portion of a larger essay) that exposes the set of parts and characteristics that make up an object or action itself.

They are usually quite short, so their structure is limited to:

An Identification, which states the object or action to be described.

A Description, where the parts and characteristics of the identified object are properly mentioned.

Structure of a literary essay

Possibly one of the most difficult structures to classify, due to the author’s freedom to tell a story in the order of events that he prefers.

Therefore, it is necessary to open a sub-classification in terms of the types of structure of literary essays, which would look like this:

Classic structure: with an Introduction to the facts, a Development of the story, a Climax regarding the most important point in the whole story, and a Conclusion that will end the events.

Structure in linear arrangement: where the events take place sequentially until the end, each going being as important as the previous one.

Open structure and additive: similar to the sequential but without a delimited end, so that you could continue adding events.

Structure in convergent arrangement: where each event is considered a cause that directly attracts an effect.

Dispersed structure: basically without a well-defined structure, where events occur almost chaotically (or very complex to understand).

Structure of a scientific essay

It has great similarities with informative essays, because they share the same function. However, they are more rigorous when presenting information, being as follows:

A Compendium, which synthesizes in no more than 300 words everything done in the study or research.

An Introduction, similar to the classic structure but also addressing; the nature and scope of the phenomenon, the objectives and the procedures to be followed.

Some Antecedents, which sustain the study to be carried out and contribute relevant data to the investigation.

An Exhibition of Materials and Methods, which shows that the research had high scientific rigor in terms of the procedure performed.

Some Results, which expose the information obtained in the previous phase.

A Discussion, where the results are interpreted according to what the theory and the background used explain.

Structure of a dramatic essay

They are similar to the classical structure of narrative essays, but from an approach with characteristics more oriented to the genre that bears his name; the drama. This makes its structural organization look like this:

A PrĂ³tasis or Approach, where the protagonists of the work are presented, together with their most outstanding characteristics.

An Epithet or Knot, in which the tension of the story reaches its highest point.

The Catastrophe or the Desenlace, here the events come to a logical conclusion, and although his name does not seem to confirm it, it does not necessarily have to be a tragic ending.

Structure of a narrative essay

They share similarities with the structure of literary essays, but since they are mostly novels, they can define their own internal structure with greater precision. This could be classified as:

An Orientation, generally related to the theme of the narrative or to some reflections that arise from it.

The Complication, where the main problem and its derivations are introduced, which must face the protagonist of the story.

The Resolution, either of the main conflict or one of the secondary ones.

The Reorientation (optional), in the case that the plot continues due to lack of resolution of other conflicts raised.

A Closing, where the narration of the story is concluded.

Structure of a lyric essay

Its maximum representative is the poem, and usually its structure is usually quite flexible so as not to limit the expression of its authors. In its most basic organization we can find:

The Verse, being the composition of the rhymes in its simplest form.

The Stanzas, which are the grouping of a set of two or more verses, separated by punctuation marks.

Structure of a historical essay

These are essays that deal with important events of the past, trying to reflect the reality of them in the most objective way possible.

They have the structure of a traditional essay (Introduction, Development and Conclusion) but give a higher priority to the chronological order in terms of content presentation.

How to elaborate the structure of an essay?

Providing an essay with an adequate and logical organization is not an easy task. There is no predetermined rule, since the type of essay in question depends on that.

However, you can rely on these 3 objectives to make sure you are taking the steps correctly:

Find the foci of importance within the essay: That is, the points of greatest relevance, so that you know where to start to begin structuring the content.

Break down these bulbs: So that you can divide each content into subtopics and thus outline each argument of the content.

Organize the content according to the structure of the essay: Now that you have all the information you want to expose, and you know how the different essays are organized thanks to the previous section, it’s just a matter of putting everything in its place according to the structure itself of your writing.

How is the structure of an essay analyzed?

The analysis is a fundamental part in the process of creating all essay, because from this it is understood what are the failures and possible improvements that a particular writing can receive.

And being the structure one of the basic elements of the essay, naturally it must also undergo the same process of analysis.

To analyze it, it is necessary that you take your essay and ask yourself these 3 questions:

  • To what gender or type does my essay belong?
  • What parts make up my essay?
  • In what order does the content appear?

In this way, and taking into account all the points mentioned throughout this article, you will know if you have managed to organize the structure of your essay successfully.

The structure in an essay would be the backbone of a good writing.

Therefore, it is very important that you do not go unnoticed before your eyes if you are looking to dedicate yourself to literature.